Rear Admiral Joseph James Clark, United States Navy, Native American

thOne of Oklahoma’s distinguished, high ranking personnel in the forces of the United States in World War II, Rear Admiral Joseph James Clark, is a native Oklahoman of Cherokee descent. His outstanding service record compiled by the Navy Department is as follows:

Rear Admiral Clark was born in Pryor, Oklahoma, November 12, 1893, and prior to his appointment to the Naval Academy, he attended Willie Halsell College, Vinita, Oklahoma, and Oklahoma Agriculture and Mechanical College, Stillwater, Oklahoma. While at the Naval Academy he played lacrosse and soccer. He graduated with the Class of 1918 in June 1917, and during the World War served in the U.S.S. North Carolina which was engaged in convoying troops across the Atlantic. From 1919 to 1922 he served in destroyers in the Atlantic, in European waters and in the Mediterranean, and during the latter part of that duty served with the American Relief Administration in the Near East.

In 1922-1923 he had duty at the Naval Academy as instructor in the Department of Seamanship and Navigation, and qualified as a naval aviator at the Naval Air Station, Pensacola, Florida, on March 16, 1925. Later that year he joined the Aircraft Squadrons of the Battle Fleet and assisted Commander John Rodgers in preparing navigational data for the first West Coast-Hawaii flight in 1925, and received a letter of commendation for this service.

In 1926 he joined the U.S.S. Mississippi and served as her senior aviation officer and during the following year was aide on the staff of Commander, Battleship Division Three, and served as Division Aviation Officer.

From 1928 to 1931 Rear Admiral Clark was executive officer, Naval Air Station, Anacostia, D.C., and during the next two years was commanding officer of Fighter Squadron Two attached to the U.S.S. Lexington. He was the aeronautical member of the Board of Inspection and Survey, Navy Department, from 1933 to 1936 and during the next tour of sea duty July, 1936 to June, 1937, served as the Lexington‘s representative at Fleet Air Detachment. U.S. Naval Air Station, San Diego, California, and later as Air Officer of the Lexington. He was executive officer of the Fleet Air Base, Pearl Harbor, from July, 1937, to May, 1939. During the months of June and July he had additional duty with Patrol Wing Two, and, until the end of the year, was executive officer of the Naval Air Station at Pearl Harbor, afterwards serving as inspector of naval aircraft at the Curtis Aircraft Corporation, Buffalo, New York.

He was executive officer of the Naval Air Station, Jacksonville, Florida, from December 1940, until May 1941, when he reported for duty as executive officer of the old U.S.S. Yorktown, and in that carrier participated in the raid on the Marshall and Gilbert Islands. After detachment from the Yorktown he had duty in the Bureau of Aeronautics, Navy Department, Washington, D.C., from February 28 until June 20, 1942. He fitted out an auxiliary aircraft carrier, the U.S.S. Suwanee, and commanded her from her Commissioning.

For his service in this command during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco, he received the following Letter of Commendation by Admiral Royal E. Ingersoll, U.S.N., Commander in Chief, Atlantic Fleet:

“The Commander in Chief, United States Atlantic Fleet, notes with pleasure and gratification the report of your performance of duty as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Suwanee during the assault on and occupation of French Morocco from November 11, 1942. The Commander in Chief, United States Atlantic Fleet, commends you for the high efficiency, outstanding performance and skillful handling of the U.S.S. Suwanee and attached aircraft which contributed so notably to the unqualified success attained by the Air Group during this operation. Your meritorious performance of duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.”

On February 15, 1943, he reported to the Newport News Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company, Newport News, Virginia in connection with fitting out the U.S.S. Yorktown and commanded her from commissioning until February 10, 1944. For his service in this command during the operations against Marcus, Wake, Mille, Jaluit, Makin, Kwajalein and Wotje, he has been awarded a Letter of Commendation by Vice Admiral John H. Towers, U.S.N., Commander, Air Force, Pacific Fleet, and a Silver Star Medal, with the following citations:

Letter of Commendation:

“For extraordinary performance and distinguished service in the line of his profession as commanding officer, U.S.S. Yorktown during the operations against Marcus Island on 31 August 1943 and against Wake Island on 5-6 October, 1943. On the first mentioned date, the air group of the Yorktown was launched at night and after a successful rendezvous was sent to Marcus Island and delivered the first attack before dawn. In this attack, the enemy was taken completely by surprise and all aircraft were destroyed on the ground. The subsequent attacks delivered by his air group contributed to the destruction of approximately eighty per cent of the installations on the island. On 5 October, 1943, his air group repeated a successful and effective attack on Wake Island before dawn. During this attack, eight enemy airplanes were destroyed in aerial combat and five were strafed on the ground. Eight additional airplanes were destroyed in the air by his air group in the following attack and eleven on the runways. Repeated bombing and strafing attacks were effectively delivered against all assigned objectives on that date. On 6 October, additional airplanes were strafed on the runways during a pre-dawn attack and severe damage wrought by dive bombing and strafing attacks on anti-aircraft and shore battery emplacements, fuel dumps, barracks, shops and warehouses. A total of 89 tons of bombs were dropped by his air group on assigned objectives. His outstanding leadership, his exceptional ability to organize and his courageous conduct throughout these engagements contributed immeasurably to the destruction of the enemy forces on these islands. His performance of duty was in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.”

Silver Star Medal

“For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity as Commanding Officer of the U.S.S. Yorktown, during operations against enemy-held islands in the Central Pacific Area, from August 31 to December 5, 1943. Skillfully handling his ship during these widespread and extended operations, Rear Admiral (then Captain) Clark enabled aircraft based on his carrier to launch damaging attacks on enemy aircraft, shipping and shore installations on Marcus, Wake, Jaluit, Kwajalein and Wotje Islands. During the day and night of December 4, when the Yorktown was under severe enemy attack, almost continuously for one five-hour period at night, he maneuvered his vessel so expertly that all attacks were repelled without damage. By his devotion to duty throughout, he contributed materially to the success of our forces and upheld the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.”

The U.S.S. Yorktown was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation for her heroism in action in the Pacific from August 31, 1943, to August 15, 1945. As her commanding officer during the first part of this period, Rear Admiral Clark received a facsimile of, and the ribbon for, this citation. The citation follows:

Presidential Unit Citation – USS Yorktown

“For extraordinary heroism in action against enemy Japanese forces in the air, at sea and on shore in the Pacific War Area from August 31, 1943, to August 15, 1945. Spearheading our concentrated carrier-warfare in forward areas, the U.S.S. Yorktown and her air groups struck crushing blows toward annihilating the enemy’s fighting strength; they provided air cover for our amphibious forces; they fiercely countered the enemy’s savage aerial attacks and destroyed his planes; and they inflicted terrific losses on the Japanese in Fleet and merchant marine units sunk or damaged. Daring and dependable in combat, the Yorktown with her gallant officers and men rendered loyal service in achieving the ultimate defeat of the Japanese Empire.”

On January 31, 1944, he was appointed Rear Admiral to rank from April 23, 1943. From February 1944 through June 1945 Rear Admiral Clark served as a Task Group Commander operating alternately with the First and Second Fast Carrier Task Groups of the U.S. Pacific Fleet, with the U.S.S. Hornet as his flagship. During this period he also was Commander of Carrier Division 13 (later redesignated Carrier Division 5). For his services during this period, Rear Admiral Clark was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal, a Gold Star in lieu of a Second Distinguished Service Medal, the Navy Cross, and the Legion of Merit. He also received a facsimile of and the ribbon for, the Presidential Unit Citation to the U.S.S. Hornet. The citations follow:

Distinguished Service Medal:

 ”For exceptionally meritorious service to the Government of the United States in a duty of great responsibility as Commander of a Task Group of Carriers and Screening Vessels in operations against enemy Japanese forces in the Pacific Area from April through June 1944. Participating in our amphibious invasion of Hollandia on April 21 to 24, Rear Admiral Clark’s well-coordinated and highly efficient units rendered invaluable assistance to our landing forces in establishing a beachhead and securing their positions and later, at the Japanese stronghold of Truk, helped to neutralize shore installations and planes both on the ground and in the air. By his keen foresight and resourcefulness, Rear Admiral Clark contributed in large measure to the overwhelming victories achieved by our forces against Japanese carrier-based aircraft, task units and convoys during the battle of the Marianas and attacks on the Bonin Islands. His indomitable fighting spirit and heroic leadership throughout this vital period were in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.”

Navy Cross:

“For distinguishing himself by extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Commander of a Task Group in the vicinity of the Bonin Islands on 4 August, 1944. Upon receipt of information that an enemy convoy had been sighted proceeding in a northerly course enroute from the Bonins to the Empire, he immediately requested and received permission to organize an interception. He forthwith proceeded at high speed to lead his forces into Japanese home waters and intercepted the convoy, sinking five cargo vessels, four destroyer escorts and one large new type destroyer, while aircraft launched on his order searched within two hundred miles of the main islands of Japan shooting down two four engined search planes and one twin engined bomber as well as strafing and heavily damaging a destroyer and sinking three sampan type patrol vessels, and later in the day a light cruiser and an additional destroyer. By his professional skill, high personal courage, and superlative leadership, he inspired the units under his command to exceptional performance of duty in close proximity to strongly held home bases of the enemy. His conduct throughout was in keeping with the highest traditions of the Naval Service.”

Legion of Merit:

“For exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding service as Commander of a Task Group of the Fast Carrier Task Forces during the period from 24 March to 28 March 1945. On 24 March, he aggressively attacked a Japanese convoy of eight ships near the Ryuku Islands. By swift decisive action he directed planes of the Task group so that they were able to sink the entire convoy. On 28 March a sweep of Southern Ryuku was initiated by the Task Group Commander and resulted in the destruction of one Japanese destroyer and a destroyer escort, in addition to numerous Japanese aircraft. His quick thinking, careful planning and fighting spirit were responsible for a maximum of damage done to the enemy. His courage and devotion to duty were at all times inspiring and in keeping with the highest traditions of the United States Naval Service.”

Gold Star in lieu of Second Distinguished Service Medal

“For exceptionally meritorious service to the Government of the United States in a duty of great responsibility as Commander Task Group Fifty-Eight Point One during action against enemy Japanese forces in the Tokyo Area and the Ryukyus, and in supporting operations at Okinawa, from February 10 to May 29, 1945. Maintaining his Task Group in a high state of combat readiness, Rear Admiral Clark skillfully deployed the forces at his disposal for maximum effectiveness against the enemy. Directing operations with brilliant and forceful leadership, he was responsible for the swift interception of Japanese air groups flying in to attack our surface units and by his prompt and accurate decisions, effected extensive and costly destruction in enemy planes thereby minimizing the danger to our ships and personnel. As a result of his bold and aggressive tactics against hostile surface units on March 24 and 28, the planes of Task Group Fifty-Eight Point One launched a fierce aerial attack against a convoy of eight enemy ships near the Ryukyu Islands to sink the entire convoy during the first engagement and a hostile destroyer and destroyer escort in the second. Courageous and determined in combat, Rear Admiral Clark served as an inspiration to the officers and men of his command and his successful fulfillment of a vital mission contributed essentially to the ultimate defeat of the Japanese Empire.”

Presidential Unit Citation – USS Hornet

“For extraordinary heroism in action against enemy Japanese forces in the air, ashore and afloat in the Pacific War Area from March 29, 1944, to June 10, 1945. Operating continuously in the most forward areas, the USS Hornet and her air groups struck crushing blows toward annihilating Japanese fighting power; they provided air cover for our amphibious forces; they fiercely countered the enemy’s aerial attacks and destroyed his planes; and they inflicted terrific losses on the Japanese in Fleet and merchant marine units sunk or damaged. Daring and dependable in combat, the Hornet with her gallant officers and men rendered loyal service in achieving the ultimate defeat of the Japanese Empire.”

Returning to the United States in June 1945, Rear Admiral Clark resumed duty as Chief, Naval Air Intermediate Training Command, with headquarters at Corpus Christi, Texas, on June 27, 1945, and served in this capacity until September 1946. On September 7, 1946, he assumed duty as Assistant Chief of Naval Operations (Air), Navy Department, Washington, D.C.

In addition to the Navy Cross, the Distinguished Service Medal with Gold Star, the Legion of Merit, the Silver Star Medal, the Commendation Ribbon, and the Presidential Unit Citation Ribbon with two stars, Rear Admiral Clark has the Victory Medal, Escort Clasp (USS North Carolina), and is entitled to the American Defense Service Medal with Bronze “A” (for service in the old USS Yorktown which operated in actual or potential belligerent contact with the Axis Forces in the Atlantic Ocean prior to December 7, 1941); the European-African-Middle Eastern Area Campaign Medal with one bronze star; the Asiatic-Pacific Area Campaign Medal with twelve bronze stars; the Philippine Liberation Ribbon with one bronze star; and the World War II Victory Medal.

After retirement, Admiral Clark was a business executive in New York. His last position was Chairman of the Board of Hegeman Harris, Inc., a New York investment firm. Clark was an honorary chief by both the Sioux and Cherokee nations. He died 13 July 1971 at the Naval Hospital, St. Albans, New York, and is buried in Arlington National Cemeteryat Section 3, Site 2525-B.

Source: “Notes and Documents: Rear Admiral Joseph James Clark, United States Navy, Native Oklahoman.” Chronicles of Oklahoma 25 (1947): 154-158

Pearl Harbor: Firing the First Defensive Shot

Photo103237It was at last my senior year in high school. We were so excited to be graduating at the end of this school year. We had several new teachers that year because the school had enlarged. One of the new teachers was a Chemistry teacher named Mr. Outerbridge.  None of us knew at the time he would change our lives as he had the lives of many others 30 years prior.

Let me introduce you to Mr. Outerbridge. He was an older gentleman probably about mid 70’s in age. He always had a lot of neat stories to tell when we completed our chemistry lessons for the day. William Woodward Outerbridge was born in Hong Kong, China, on 14 April 1906. He matriculated at MMI from Middleport, Ohio, and graduated from the high school program in 1923. A member of “E” Company, he was a cadet private and held membership in the Yankee Club and, ironically, in the Stonewall Jackson Literary Society. He graduated from the United States Naval Academy in Annapolis, MD, in the Class of 1927.

One day in December he told us we would take a break from Chemistry. He needed to tell us a true story about himself and Pearl Harbor. Of course all of us thought we knew all about Pearl Harbor since we have been taught about that since our earliest memories. Little did we know we had a true war hero in our midst. That man was Captain William Woodward Outerbridge, Captain of the USS Ward. The Ward was advised by the USS CONDOR that a mini-sub was headed to the entry channel of the port of Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaii.

At the beginning of World War II, Captain Outerbridge skippered the USS Ward, a recommissioned ship built during the World War I period.  Reportedly in his first command and on his first patrol off Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on December 7, 1941, Outerbridge and the USS Ward detected a Japanese two-man midget submarine near the entrance to Pearl Harbor. The USS Ward detected the midget sub at 6:45 AM and sank it at 6:54 AM, firing the first shots in defense of the U.S. in World War II. Captain Outerbridge was reportedly awarded the Navy Cross for Heroism.

Noted for firing the first shots in defense of the United States during World War II – just prior to the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor – then Captain William W. Outerbridge served as the skipper of the destroyer USS Ward. He reported the action and the sinking of the submarine before the attack by Japan.

During World War II, Captain Outerbridge served in both the Pacific and the Atlantic, taking part in operations at Pearl Harbor, Normandy and Cherbourg, France, and at Ormoc, Mindoro, Lingayon Gulf and Okinawa.  He also participated in the carrier task force strikes against Tokyo and the Japanese mainland.
Outerbridge later both attended and taught at the Naval War College; he also taught at the Industrial College of the Armed ForcesWilliam Outerbridge retired from the Navy in 1957 as a Rear Admiral (RADM).

RADM Outerbridge married the former Grace Fulwood of Tifton, Georgia.  They were the parents of three sons.  The Admiral died on 20 September 1986.  His last address was Tifton, Georgia.

In 2002, the submarine was discovered in 1200 feet of water off Pearl Harbor with the shell holes in the coning tower confirmed Outerbridge’s report.

(This information is presented from this author’s personal conversations with RADM Outerbridge, from her notes and from personal research. Additional information may be located in the Eisenhower Library Papers, the USN Archives re: investigation of the sinking of the mini sub.)

History Behind Firearms

I saw a comment on my article on gear and training stating you would love to learn the history behind the firearms. Although I am not sure you read the article and only focused on the sick gun porn in the picture this is for you Jesse McCully hope you enjoy it. Also I am not a historian so if I miss something or have something off please comment with a correction without busting my balls to bad please.

 

Before firearms could even become a possibility, we have to thank China for the invention of black powder in 1232. This was the year the first gun powdered filled tube set the stage for the current “rocket” of today. The use of the first “firearm” dates back to 1364 and would resemble the cartoon cannons where a wick was lit by hand to ignite powder in the barrel. The first cannons in Europe were used in the Islamic war against Spain in the 13th century. Imagine that Islam from the beginning attacking people. Smaller cannons were developed along the way for ease of transport. The cannons supplied by Captain James Cook helped King Kamehameha conquer all the Hawaiian Islands. A side note, because I’m a sick f**k, King Kamehameha ordered Cook’s men to stay on their ships because they were infecting the women with chlamydia. This also began the era of Americans occupying the Islands and the start of the Haole, (no breath) for the ghost like white skin, stealing their land and eating their pineapples. The cannon moved on into the first World War and though combat styles changed, the cannon was still responsible for 75% of the casualties. The cannon also set the stage for all other arms.

 

In the 1400′s the Matchlock guns had been designed and were the first mechanical fired guns. They still used a wick but it was attached to a clamp that sprang in the powder that sat in the flash pan.

 

In the 1500′s wheel lock guns were invented and  they were the first self-igniting gun. The design allowed the wheel lock to generate a spark for ignition. In 1630 Flintlocks replaced most of the Wheelock though both were still around through the 1700′s. Wheel lock guns were hand held and possibly the first recorded hand held, this is where the historian would be good to confirm. Eventually percussion caps became the choice for muzzle loaders and popular today.

 

In 1718 the first hand held machine gun was invented by James Puckle. The Puckle gun was a single barreled flintlock with a multi shot cylinder. This piece would fire 9 shots a minute opposed to the 3 shots a minute with the standard flintlock. Another note, there were two different shaped rounds used in the Puckle gun. Round slugs for Christians and square slugs against Muslims. The square slugs were said to cause more pain than the round slugs. The Puckle gun never really received attention or support and was short lived.

 

By now we are getting into the era of “how the west was won” with my man Samuel Colt. In 1836 Colt received a patent for his first revolver. Colt is still a very well trusted name to this day although a little on the pricey side. Colt and Browning, along with Spencer and Henry,  led the way to reach our common revolvers and long guns we have today. In 1862 the first Spencer repeating rifle was introduced and used by the Union Army Calvary and also used by the Confederate army as well as the United States army.

 

In 1861 Dr. Richard Gatling invented the Gatling gun, the first rapid fire gun that set the stage for machine guns. The Gatling required someone to crank the handle but done the rest with expelling spent casings and reloading. The first true automatic was the Maxim Gun in 1884. The Maxim used the recoil to re-chamber as we see in our current days. The Maxim was also a vital weapon in WWI along with the use of the Vickers gun.  The Vickers gun was a British machine gun usually requiring 8 men to operate.

 

 

Moving forward to the Assault Rifles. In 1919, the Thompson gun was invented also known by many other names including Tommy gun. It is a 45 acp and was a favorite among soldiers, criminals and police. It played a huge role in the prohibition along with its role in the WW and sought by collectors to this day. John Grand invented the M1 semiautomatic in 1934. The M1941 Johnson rifle was invented before WWII. It had issues when attaching a bayonet to the moving barrel but did allow for a greater capacity and less recoil than the M1.The German Sturmgewehr was introduced in WW II and fired a medium size round. It was the first to deliver a high rate of fire during the war. The U.S. answered with a build of their own and this was no other than the M 16. More on the M 16 later.  Other weapons that are notable to mention are the Uzi which was built in 1948 and used by the Israelis. It was used in combat as well as a personal defense weapon. The Mac 10 was developed in 1964 as another automatic pistol that grew popularity. This lightweight tactical fighting tool took off as an icon for the gansta rappers as well. One of my all-time favorites was the Tec 9, produced from 1985 to 1990 with spin off versions such as the AB 10. And you guys pricing AB 10′s for sale at 400 and over stop it. You can buy one new for 350 and under. If you have a preban then you have a right to price higher. I left out the weapons we have grown to love and trust until now.

 

Starting with the AK 47, my rifle of choice was designed by a mechanic by the name of Mikhail Kalashnikov. Kalashnikov began as a civilian mechanic before his military career. He then became a Tank mechanic before moving into the tanks as an operator. He is most famous for his design of the Ak 47 and 74. He did however design a tank that would set the stage for tanks as we know them today. The AR 15 was designed by Eugene Stoner, a Marine vet who worked as an engineer for Armalite. Armalite suffered financial problems causing them to sell the design to Colt. This then was put into military service as the M16 as already noted and was issued in the Vietnam era. Colt began building the semi-auto version we have grown to love in 1963. Colt still owns the trademark to AR-15 and any other manufacturer therefore is an “AR style” rifle. The Sturmgewehr MP 43 and MP 44 were developed by Nazi Germany in WWII. They were pretty much the same rifle with minor differences. The M2 browning 50 cal. was designed around the end of WWI. It uses a 50 BMG cartridge. This machine gun has been used as a vehicle mounted, aircraft mounted and even mounted on boats. The M60, the United States Machine Gun, was introduced in 1957 and uses the 7.62 nato (308 win.) round and is belt fed. The Rheinmetall MG 3 is a general purpose machine gun also chambered in 7.62 nato. It was designed after the MG42 used in WWII. It is still used today as a vehicle mounted weapon. The XM214 Microgun was designed by GE in 1966. They never made it to any mass production and were later scaled down the M134 minigun. To get a glimpse at what the future may hold with many more designs you can follow Metal Storm who develop a wide range of weapons. Another leader in the industry is Barrett with more great guns than I could list so go check out their sight.

 

Hand guns’, starting with one that is widely known by the wrong name, is the Parabellum-Pistole. It is widely wrongfully known as the Luger and was designed in 1898 by Georg Luger. Here you will see why 9mmx19 ammunition gets different names yet still the same round. 9mmx19 is also known as 9mm luger or 9mm Parabellum. 9mm Makarov is also known as 9mmx18. The Makarov pistol is a Russian pistol that was in issue from 1951 to 1991. The American choice of side arm was the Colt M1911A1, in 45 acp which was later replaced by the Beretta 92F which is a fine weapon. I have a 96DS which is a double action only chambered in 40 cal based off of the 92F. Sig Sauer has also played a role with military issued pieces with the P250 as well. These are a good list of guns that have preserved ourselves and our soldiers and continue to change with the times. I hope this helps in what you were wondering Jesse McCully and the rest of Uncle Sam’s Misguided Children’s’ patriots.  Please comment if you would like to look into a specific gun and I will put something together for you.

From the Heart of a Soldier

PTSD will not take my life

As I share the memories of this life,

They come forth causing only strife.

For life has been so hard you see

Keeping others from loving me.

Walking through forest, glade and hill,

waiting, watching, wondering still

Will there be a time for us

Or will we simply turn to dust

While living with these facts, so true

It’s helpful that you know them too.

For times may come I can’t preclude

Causing stressful interludes,

Where memories return to facts so real

One wonders if they’ll ever heal

Healing after years of waiting,

During these times often hating

The events that caused the memories to form

Are always extremely far from the norm

Change them if I could? You ask.

No, I would never choose that task.

For the sacrifices once made by me

Were made to set many others free

And if events present a new

I’ll be right there to fight with you

The memories of the new inlayed

Upon the ones already made

Even then I will not cave

Provided we don’t see the grave.

Syria on the Eve of Destruction: America, Russia, China and WWIII- Part Two

logoIn the years between WWI and WWII, the world was in tumult. Wars, insurgencies, and insurrections did not end after the Great War, but actually intensified, however on a much smaller scale than WWI. It is important to note that WWII was basically a continuation of WWI with some fundamental differences and shifts in Alliances. It was as if WWI had simply been put on pause because of the sheer amount of casualties and money spent,  and because everyone was tired of war. There were still scores to settle and old hatreds burning. In part two of this four part examination of the imminent war with Syria and possibly the World, we will briefly go over the years between WWI and WWII, WWII very briefly, and the beginning of the Cold War, and all the wars by proxy afterward, and how that has contributed and led up to the breaking point that we are at now.

THE TIME BETWEEN WWI AND WWII: 21 YEARS- 1918 to 1939

Early on, there was a strong push by communists inside Germany, too. Red Socialism was sweeping Europe, particularly Eastern Europe. The “Spartacist” communist revolt was attempted in Berlin in January, 1919. It was quickly squashed by German forces, but a new type of radicalism was starting to grow among Germany’s youth and angry veterans of the first World War. But it would be a time before the Nazis were formed officially.

The German National Assembly met at Weimar in 1919. A couple of months later, the Treaty of Versailles is submitted to the German delegation by the Allies. Something to note: Hitler had always felt that the armistice was severe in the conditions that the treaty imposed on Germany, saying that it was far more brutal than what Germany had imposed on the Soviet Union after it withdrew from WWI. Regardless, the German authorities ended up signing the treaty nonetheless, but Hitler later used this to his advantage as one of his main arguments and rallying cries for hostilities to begin in what ultimately became WWII.

On the Central Powers side of things (Germany, Austria-Hungary), Germany’s national pride, stature, territory, and pocketbook took a crushing blow, suffering staggering loses in all aspects of its existence, while Austria loss massive amounts of territory, and Hungary became independent.

https://i0.wp.com/i1286.photobucket.com/albums/a605/Dano7810/map-of-europe-1914-ottoman-empire-i7_zpse4f53a56.pngOn the Allies side of things went the spoils of war, but not everyone was happy. America, Britain, and France got the lions share, while Japan and Italy walked away feeling cheated, having seem very little of the spoils. It is important to point out that it took the Allies six months to agree with one another what their treaty demands were on the Central Powers. Much of it was because they could not easily agree on who got what from the victory of the Great War. When they finally decided, Britain, America, and France made an unofficial alliance inside the Allies, and backed each other in agreement, forcing Italy and Japan to accept much less than the other three. This was not forgotten by Italy and Japan and they felt used. Russia was excluded because of the fall of the Russian Empire, the murder of the Tsars, and the forming of the Soviet Union by the Bolshevik Communists, which withdrew from the war and signed a treaty with Germany. Serbia, which seemed small in comparison to all that was going on then, became Yugoslavia. Continue reading

WWII Vet Dies of Injuries After Being Beaten by Two Black Teens

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This is how veterans in America should be treated by the youth, instead, they are being murdered. (Photo Courtesy of https://www.facebook.com/LetsFind1MillionPeopleWhoSupportOurInjuredVeterans)

Will this be shown by the MSM? Will Obama say anything about this Veteran being beaten and left to die? I will say no. This society is spiraling out of control. We allow our children to no longer respect the elderly, let alone Veterans. Every man and woman in this country who claims to bleed RED, WHITE, and BLUE should be heartbroken by this story.

According to KXLY Spokane, 88 year old Delbert “Shorty” Belton was beaten in the parking lot of the Eagles Lodge in Spokane, WA on Wednesday evening. Witnesses say he was attacked around 8 p.m. on his way to play pool.

Belton, also known as “Shorty” at the Lodge, served in the United States Army during the Battle of Okinawa during World War II, where he was wounded in the leg by a gunshot.  Afterward, he worked for over 30 years at Kaiser Aluminum in Trentwood.

Police tried to track the suspects’ scent with K-9s, but were unsuccessful. They also believe that this was a random assault, and that he did not know his attackers before the beating took place.

Ted Denison, who was Shorty’s long-time best friend, said they played pool together at the Eagles Lodge occasionally and worked on cars daily. He also says Delbert was a great friend, who was always there for him, and that he was always fun to be around. “I thought of him more as a dad than I did a friend really,” he said.

Delbert Belton died of his injuries Thursday morning at Sacred Heart Medical Center.

This story is still developing, and more details will be reported. Will this be shown nationally? I think it should. This should hit EVERY news station, EVERY newspaper, and EVERY corner of the internet.

This kind of story really tugs at my heart, not only because I am Veteran, but also because I am an American. I have always had the utmost respect for elderly Vets of past wars. These are the brave souls who risked their lives, usually in the most horrible conditions, to fight for our freedoms and for our rights.

I am sure that these THUGS had no idea this man was a WWII Veteran, but whatever happened to respecting your elders? Are parents so far gone from their children’s lives that they no longer teach proper respect and morals, or was it the fact that he was an old, white man who was an easy target in a parking lot?

I am not trying to say that it was a hate crime, but you know as well as I do that if an elderly black man was beaten by two white teens, this would have been on every news channel Wednesday night. I wish I was wrong with that statement, but it has been made very clear that a lot citizens of this country have allowed themselves to be divided by race.

In closing, we need to start looking inside ourselves and ask “Where did we go wrong?” Young people in this country are not being taught what it means to be a soldier, a fighter for freedom…a patriot. We need to go back to being PROUD of our military and proud to call ourselves Americans. We have brothers and sisters who risk their lives for us to be safe here at home, and respect those who have fought…without knowing if they’d come home.

R.I.P. Delbert “Shorty” Belton. We will keep up the good fight, sir.

Jason Vandeberg